Python类库中文翻译:select — 等待 I/O 完成

15.1 select — Waiting for I/O completion

This module provides access to the select() and poll() functions available in most operating systems. Note that on Windows, it only works for sockets; on other operating systems, it also works for other file types (in particular, on Unix, it works on pipes). It cannot be used on regular files to determine whether a file has grown since it was last read.
这个模块提供的 select() 和 poll() 方法可用于大部分操作系统。注意:在 Windows 下,它只能用于 sockets ;在其他系统下,它也可以用于其他类型(特别在 Unix 下,它还可以用于 管道)。它不能用来确定是否完成上次的对普通文件执行的读取操作。

The module defines the following:
这个模块定义下列内容:

exception error
异常错误
The exception raised when an error occurs. The accompanying value is a pair containing the numeric error code from errno and the corresponding string, as would be printed by the C function perror().
在发生错误将引发异常。accompanying 值包含错误代码和错误描述文本,用于使用 C 程序 perror() 打印。

poll( )
(Not supported by all operating systems.) Returns a polling object, which supports registering and unregistering file descriptors, and then polling them for I/O events; see section 15.1.1 below for the methods supported by polling objects.
(所有系统不支持。)

select( iwtd, owtd, ewtd[, timeout])
This is a straightforward interface to the Unix select() system call. The first three arguments are sequences of waitable objects': either integers representing file descriptors or objects with a parameterless method named fileno() returning such an integer. The three sequences of waitable objects are for input, output and exceptional conditions’, respectively. Empty sequences are allowed, but acceptance of three empty sequences is platform-dependent. (It is known to work on Unix but not on Windows.) The optional timeout argument specifies a time-out as a floating point number in seconds. When the timeout argument is omitted the function blocks until at least one file descriptor is ready. A time-out value of zero specifies a poll and never blocks.
这对于 Ubix 系统调用 select() 来说是一个简单接口。前三个参数是‘等待对象’;????。这三个参数分别按顺序等待 输入、输出输出和异常状态。允许空数组,但是是否允许三个空序列依赖于平台。(已知支持 Unix 但是不支持 Windows。)timeout 参数接受浮点数表示的秒。如果省略 timeout 着阻塞到至少一个文件描述符准备就绪。timeout 为0表示从不阻塞。
译者注:在对方关闭连接的情况下(CLOSE_WAIT状态)会立即返回,并且处于可读列表里面。但是却会立即读到0长度的数据。建议在检测到连续多次读到0长度数据时关闭连接。

The return value is a triple of lists of objects that are ready: subsets of the first three arguments. When the time-out is reached without a file descriptor becoming ready, three empty lists are returned.
返回值是包含前三个参数里面已准备就绪的对象的3个列表.如果已经超时但是并没有对象准备就绪,那么返回3个空列表

Among the acceptable object types in the sequences are Python file objects (e.g. sys.stdin, or objects returned by open() or os.popen()), socket objects returned by socket.socket().You may also define a wrapper class yourself, as long as it has an appropriate fileno() method (that really returns a file descriptor, not just a random integer). Note: File objects on Windows are not acceptable, but sockets are. On Windows, the underlying select() function is provided by the WinSock library, and does not handle file descriptors that don’t originate from WinSock.
接受的对象类型按次序是 Python 文件对象(例如:sys.stdin 或者 open()或os.popen()返回的对象)或者socket.socket()返回的socket对象。你也可以定义一个类,只要它包含恰当的 fileno() 方法(它其实范围文件描述符,不要只是返回随机数)注意:windows 不接受文件对象,但是接受 sockets。在 windows 下 select() 程序隐式使用 WinSock 库,WinSock 并不支持文件对象句柄。

Subsections

* 15.1.1 Polling Objects

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